Which animals is protected under the Wildlife Protection Act 1972?

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Some of the animals granted protection under the Schedule I include:

  • The Black Buck.
  • Bengal Tiger.
  • Clouded Leopard.
  • Snow Leopard.
  • Swamp Deer.
  • Himalayan Bear.
  • Asiatic Cheetah.
  • Kashmiri Stag.


Which animal was the focus of the 1972 Wildlife Protection Act in India?

Key Highlights. New Delhi: On August 21, 1972, the Parliament of India passed the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972. The Act which bats for the protection of plants and animal species, outlaws hunting, exploitation and cruelty towards them.

What are the provisions under the Indian Wildlife Protection Act 1972 80?

The Act provides for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants; and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto. It extends to the whole of India. An Act to provide for the protection of Wild animals, birds and plants and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto.

What are the provisions under the Indian Wildlife Protection Act 1972 AD?

This Act provides for the protection of the country’s wild animals, birds, and plant species, in order to ensure environmental and ecological security. Among other things, the Act lays down restrictions on hunting many animal species.

Which mammals found in India are covered under the Protection of Wildlife Act?

It extends to all territory under the Indian government.

  • Binturong (Arctictis binturong).
  • Black Duck (Antelope cervicapra).
  • Brow-antlered deer or Thamin (Cervus eldi).
  • Caracal (Felis caracal)
  • Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus).
  • Clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa)
  • Dugong (Dugong dugon)
  • Fishing Cat (Felis viverrina).
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Which animals are protected by law?

Bats, great crested newts, hazel dormice, water voles and badgers are examples of protected species with specific legislative protection.

When did the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 came into force Mcq?

11) When did The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, come into force? D) 19 November 1986.

What is the main aim of Wildlife Protection Act 1972?

India’s Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 is a comprehensive piece of legislation that regulates sanctuaries, national parks, and zoos among other protected locations. Its primary aim is to curb the illegal trade in wildlife and the derivative parts.

What does the Wildlife Protection Act 1972 ensures?


Act ID: 197253
Act Year: 1972
Short Title: The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972
Long Title: An Act to provide for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto with a view to ensuring the ecological and environmental security of the country.

Which animals can be hunted in India?

The only animals you can hunt legally in India is the wild boar and blue bull, which is a kind of antelope. Fortunately, if you have dangerous animals like man-eating tigers you can get a special permit to hunt them.

When a wild animal is declared protected?

Statement 1 is correct: According to Section 39 of Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, Every Wild Animal shall be the property of the State Government, and, where such animal is hunted in a sanctuary or National Park declared by the Central Government, such animal or any animal article, trophy, uncured trophy or meat [ …

How is Wildlife protected?

Always carry adequate water in a non-plastic container and use bio-degradable materials while visiting Protected Areas (PA). Keep seated in your vehicle during the visit to the wildlife parks and remain calm and composed even when you sight wildlife. Maintain silence so as not to disturb them.

What are some examples of animal rights?

Animal rights

  • No experiments on animals.
  • No breeding and killing animals for food or clothes or medicine.
  • No use of animals for hard labour.
  • No selective breeding for any reason other than the benefit of the animal.
  • No hunting.
  • No zoos or use of animals in entertainment.

How many times was the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 amended?

There are 50 amendments to the Act proposed in the Bill. The Bill aims to implement CITES — which was signed inWashington D.C. on March 3, 1973, and later amended in 1979 — to trade plant and animal specimens with other governments, without threatening the survival of the species.

Can any person hunt any wild animal under Wildlife Protection Act?

“No person shall hunt any wild animal as specified in schedules, I, II, III and IV except as provided under section 11 and section 12.” Post-Independence hunting was banned by the government under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, except for some purposes which is defined in section 11 and section 12 of Wildlife ( …

What is Wildlife Protection Act 1972 UPSC?

Wildlife Protection Act 1972: Provisions, Background, Features,Important Bodies. Wildlife Protection Act (WPA) was enacted by the Government of India in 1972 to safeguard wild animals, birds, and plants, with an aim to ensure the ecological and environmental security of India.

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What animal is hunted the most?

As such, pangolins are now believed to be the most trafficked mammal in the world. The rate at which these animals are traded across international borders is staggering. Some estimates calculate that an average of approximately 100,000 pangolins are poached and shipped into China and Vietnam every year.

Is killing birds illegal in India?

The group cautions that crude killing methods such as burying birds alive are apparent violations of Sections 3 and 11 of The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (PCA) Act, 1960, and Section 429 of the Indian Penal Code, which are punishable by imprisonment of up to five years, a fine, or both.

Is keeping parrots illegal?

In India, local birds are not supposed to be kept as pets but exotic birds such as budgerigars and cockatoos are allowed to be kept as pets. It is common for people to keep parrots as pets but this is illegal, as is keeping mynahs and finches that are trapped from the wild and sold in markets.

Can you touch a wild bird?

Do not touch or hand-feed wild birds with your bare hands. If you find a sick or dead bird, call your state wildlife agency or wildlife rehabilitator . If you find a sick or dead bird in your yard, remove any bird feeders and baths for two weeks and clean them outdoors.

How can we protect wildlife in India?

6 Important Methods for Conservation of Wildlife in India

  1. Habitat management:
  2. Establishment of protected area:
  3. Rehabilitation of Endangered species:
  4. Captive breeding programme:
  5. Mass education:
  6. Promulgation of laws:

What are the 10 importance of wildlife?

The importance of wildlife can be categorized as ecological , economic and investigatory importance as well as conservation of biological diversities etc . Animals have also been highly useful to us in providing food , clothing and source of income . Our life is almost impossible without the support of wildlife .

What animals are not covered by the animal welfare Act?

The following animals are not covered: farm animals used for food or fiber (fur, hide, etc.); coldblooded species (amphibians and reptiles); horses not used for research purposes; fish; invertebrates (crustaceans, insects, etc.); or birds, rats of the genus Rattus, and mice of the genus Mus that are bred for use in …

Is there any law for animals?

Protection of animals is enshrined as a fundamental duty in the Indian Constitution and there exist several animal welfare legislations in India such as the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1960 and the Wildlife Protection Act 1972 at the Central level and cattle protection and cow slaughter prohibition …

What is wildlife protection class 10?

– Among other amendments, the Act defined protected plant and animal species schedules; the killing or harvesting of these species was largely prohibited; the Act provides for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants; and for matters relevant to or ancillary to them or incidental to them.

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When was the Wildlife Protection Act passed in India?

[9th September, 1972.] therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto with a view to ensuring the ecological and environmental security of the country.] 1. Short title, extent and commencement.

Is killing deer illegal in India?

Hunting and India

Post-Independence, hunting was banned by the government under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, except for specified purposes such as for self-defence, to prevent crop damage, to counter vermin species and for scientific or educational reasons. Hunting for sport is prohibited in India.

Which is the first protected forest of India?

Satpura National is the first reserve forest of India.

Which is not a protected area?

The correct answer is Zoo. A national park, Sanctuary, and Biosphere is a park in use for conservation purposes, created and protected by national governments.

Who invented hunting?

Hunting has a long history. It pre-dates the emergence of Homo sapiens (anatomically modern humans) and may even predate the genus Homo. The oldest undisputed evidence for hunting dates to the Early Pleistocene, consistent with the emergence and early dispersal of Homo erectus, about 1.7 million years ago (Acheulean).

Why is hunting called game?

The flesh of the animal, when butchered for consumption, is often described as having a “gamey” flavour. This difference in taste can be attributed to the natural diet of the animal, which usually results in a lower fat content compared to domestic farm-raised animals.

What animals Can’t be hunted?

Nongame Animals

  • Armadillos.
  • Bobcats.
  • Coyotes.
  • Flying squirrels.
  • Frogs.
  • Ground squirrels.
  • Mountain lions.
  • Porcupines.

Is elephant an animal?

Elephants are the largest land mammals on earth and have distinctly massive bodies, large ears, and long trunks. They use their trunks to pick up objects, trumpet warnings, greet other elephants, or suck up water for drinking or bathing, among other uses.

Is killing a crow illegal in India?

are covered under the Wildlife Protection Act (WPA) 1972 making it illegal to catch, keep, kill, buy / sell birds or damage their nests. All indigenous bird species are covered under this Act.

Is parrot pet illegal in India?

It is illegal to keep Indian parrots as pets in homes. It can land you in jail. You may be fined, and/or imprisoned (up to 3 years) for it. The fine may range up to 25,000 rupees.

What are the 6 schedules of wildlife protection?

The specified endemic plants in Schedule VI are prohibited from cultivation and planting. The hunting to the Enforcement authorities have the power to compound offences under this Schedule (i.e. they impose fines on the offenders).

Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.

The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972
Enacted 9 September 1972
Status: In force

What are the features of Wildlife Protection Act, 1972?

i) The wild animal becomes too dangerous for humans or; ii) is disabled or suffering from a disease from which it cannot recover. 2. Prohibition of Cutting/Uprooting Certain Plants: It does not permit the uprooting, damaging, possessing or selling of any specified plant from any forest land or any protected area.