What is a protection cluster?

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Protection clusters bring together protection partners who have the necessary expertise, resources, access and capacity. They are integral to the cluster approach adopted by the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) for non-refugee humanitarian crises.

What is the cluster approach?

What is the cluster approach? It is a set of structures, processes, principles and commitments to coordinate humanitarian action when a national government requests international support. It aims to make the humanitarian community better organized and more accountable to crisis-affected people.

What is field protection?

Clusters are activated only in those humanitarian emergencies where there is an identified gap in the enabling environment warranting clusters’ activation and when justified around an identified need.

What is the centrality of protection?

The centrality of protection means more than protection mainstreaming. It includes ensuring that leadership, coordination, and engagement in protection and all sectors is more strategic, aligned and directed toward a stronger response.

What are protection principles?

Protection Principles

Protection Principle 1: Avoid exposing people to further harm as a result of your actions. Protection Principle 2: Ensure people’s access to impartial assistance – in proportion to need and without discrimination.

What are the 3 principles of the cluster approach?

Three sets of principles underlie the Cluster approach and are expected to be adhered to by all Clusters and Cluster partners: Humanitarian principles; Principles of partnership; Accountability to affected populations.

What is the importance of the cluster approach?

A Cluster Approach may be used both in humanitarian emergencies caused by conflicts and in humanitarian emergencies caused by disasters. The Approach aims to strengthen system-wide preparedness, make sure that critical materials and expertise are immediately available, and focus technical capacity.

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Which relay is used for protection of alternator from loss of excitation?

There are mainly two schemes available for protection against loss of field or excitation of a generator. In 1st scheme, we use an undercurrent relay connected in shunt with main field winding circuit. This relay will operate if the excitation current comes below its predetermined value.

Why must field loss protection be provided for DC motors?

Reliable protection of dc motors is essential for reducing the motors malfunction rate and prolonging motors life. If the main field of a shunt motor or a compound motor is extremely weakened or if there is complete loss of main field excitation, a serious damage to motor can occur under certain condition of operation.

What is protection in humanitarian action?

Humanitarian actors must ensure that their activities do not lead to or perpetuate discrimination, abuse, neglect and violence. The way relief is delivered is also important. For example, food distribution points must not be set up in areas where women are vulnerable to attack.

What is an example of protection?

Protection is a person or thing that shields from danger, pain or discomfort, or money paid to avoid violence or prosecution. An example of protection is an umbrella to stand under during a rainstorm. An example of protection is money paid by a shopowner to the mob to avoid violence.

What are the four main elements of protection mainstreaming?

The checklist incorporates the four key elements of Protection Mainstreaming, which include:

  • Avoiding causing harm and prioritize safety and dignity.
  • Ensuring meaningful access.
  • Practicing accountability.
  • Promoting participation and empowerment.

What are the clusters in disaster management?

Each of the nine clusters (Protection, Camp Coordination and Management, Water Sanitation and Hygiene, Health, Emergency Shelter, Nutrition, Emergency Telecommunications, Logistics, and Early Recovery) is led by a designated agency.

What is the humanitarian cluster approach?

The ‘cluster approach’, which was introduced in 2005, is the most visible and possibly most ambitious aspect of the humanitarian reform agenda. 2 It aims to make humanitarian response more predictable by introducing a system for organising sectoral coordination among humanitarian actors.

What are the four humanitarian principles?

The principles of humanity, neutrality, impartiality and independence are fundamental to humanitarian action. Humanity means that human suffering must be addressed wherever it is found, with particular attention to the most vulnerable.

What is a health cluster?

Health Clusters collectively prepare for and respond to humanitarian and public health emergencies to improve the health outcomes of affected populations through timely, predictable, appropriate and effective coordinated health action.

What is a field relay?

relay race, also called Relay, a track-and-field sport consisting of a set number of stages (legs), usually four, each leg run by a different member of a team. The runner finishing one leg is usually required to pass on a baton to the next runner while both are running in a marked exchange zone.

What is meant by excitation in an alternator?

The excitation system on a AC alternator refers to the way the alternators voltage is initially built when rotated and controlled while in use. The excitation system is responsible for supplying the field current to the main rotor.

What is pole slipping in alternator?

Pole slip, also known as ‘out of step’ is a phenomenon caused either by low excitation, a faulty regulator or abrupt changes of load within the mains. It can cause severe mechanical stresses within the generator, putting winding at risk, causing shaft damage or adversely affecting the control operating system.

How do you protect a DC circuit?

Fuses and circuit breakers are used to limit the amount of current that flows through circuit wires. Except for those wires that are intended to carry starting currents, every positive wire in the DC main power distribution system must be protected by a fuse or circuit breaker.

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How do you protect an electric motor from overload current?

Continuous duty motors are protected against overload by a separate overload device sized between 115% and 125% of the motor nameplate full-load current, FLA. Motor manufacturers have designed several types of separate overload devices with sensing elements that will “trip” when the motor is overloaded.

What is the purpose of protection monitoring?

Protection monitoring activities cover essential issues, such as legal, material, psychological and physical protection needs, human rights violations, detention, durable solutions, housing land and property rights, population movements/border monitoring, child protection, as well as gender-based violence monitoring.

What are the principles of child protection?

3Underlying principles and standards

Core principles include: the child’s survival and development, best interests of the child, non-discrimination, children’s participation.

What is a protection risk?

The purpose of conducting a Protection Risk Analysis is to understand the existing risks that can result from certain threats and vulnerabilities in areas where CRS is implementing projects, and to develop measures that can help to mitigate those risks.

What does protection mean in humanitarian context?

Protection is “all activities aimed at ensuring full respect for the rights of the individual in accordance with the letter and the spirit of the relevant bodies of law” (ICRC 2009).

What do the 7 principles of GDPR mean?

content. The GDPR sets out seven principles for the lawful processing of personal data. Processing includes the collection, organisation, structuring, storage, alteration, consultation, use, communication, combination, restriction, erasure or destruction of personal data.

What are the 6 data protection principles?

The GDPR: Understanding the 6 data protection principles

  • Lawfulness, fairness and transparency.
  • Purpose limitation.
  • Data minimisation.
  • Accuracy.
  • Storage limitation.
  • Integrity and confidentiality.

What does God’s protection mean?

Psalm 121:7-8) That means God’s power protects us. Through our faith, God is protecting us by His power. When we find ourselves in a situation where we feel hopeless, helpless, or powerless, we need to remember that we are not hopeless, helpless, or powerless when we have God in our lives.

What does protection mean in health and social care?

Safeguarding means protecting a citizen’s health, wellbeing and human rights; enabling them to live free from harm, abuse and neglect. It is an integral part of providing high-quality health care.

What is protection case management?

Protection Case Management is (PCM) is a structured and sustained method for providing responsive and remedial support to adults at heightened risk of a rights violation that leads to increased safety, dignity resilience for the individual.

What is protection programming?

Programs that assist employees and families when direct compensation is terminated and with health care expenses.

What is a cluster approach?

What is the cluster approach? It is a set of structures, processes, principles and commitments to coordinate humanitarian action when a national government requests international support. It aims to make the humanitarian community better organized and more accountable to crisis-affected people.

What is cluster based approach?

Cluster based approach to lending is intended to provide a full-service approach to cater to the diverse needs of the MSE sector which may be achieved through extending banking services to recognized MSE clusters.

Why does Red Cross exist?

In October 1863, the International Red Cross Movement was created in Geneva, Switzerland, to provide nonpartisan care to the wounded and sick in times of war. The Red Cross emblem was adopted at this first International Conference as a symbol of neutrality and was to be used by national relief societies.

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Which organization is the global cluster lead for the logistics cluster?

The UN’s World Food Programme (WFP) leads the Logistics Cluster, which includes non-governmental organizations (NGOs), private companies and other organizations involved in the logistics and transportation of humanitarian and disaster relief supplies.

What is the importance of the cluster approach?

A Cluster Approach may be used both in humanitarian emergencies caused by conflicts and in humanitarian emergencies caused by disasters. The Approach aims to strengthen system-wide preparedness, make sure that critical materials and expertise are immediately available, and focus technical capacity.

What are the three main pillars of the transformative agenda?

In December 2011, the Principals agreed on a set of actions, known as the ‘Transformative Agenda’ (TA), focusing on three areas: leadership; coordination; and accountability.

What is humanitarian program cycle?

The humanitarian programme cycle (HPC) is an operational framework developed by the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) in the context of the Transformative Agenda. It sets out the sequence of actions that should be taken to prepare for, plan, manage, deliver and monitor collective humanitarian responses.

Which clusters does unhcr lead?

UNHCR is the lead agency of the Protection and Shelter/NFI Clusters in Ukraine.

Which is the most significant humanitarian principle?

Impartiality. To carry out humanitarian action without discrimination, to relieve suffering, giving priority to the most urgent cases of distress.

What is the Do No harm approach?

The Do-No-Harm approach is the understanding of the impact of aid on existing conflict[1] & its interactions within a particular context, with the goal to limit or prevent unintended negative effects[2].

What is hospital cluster?

Under the cluster hospitals concept, hospitals in specific geographical areas will be grouped together to optimise existing resources in district and specialist hospitals.

What happens when exciter fails?

Again when loss of field occurs due to failure of exciter but not due to problem in the field circuit (field circuit remains intact) there will be an induced current at slip frequency in the field circuit. This situation makes the relay to pick up and drop off as per slip frequency of the induced current in the field.

What is loss of excitation protection?

Loss of excitation protection is used to protect the synchronous machine (alternator or generator) acts as induction motor when the excitation fails. Loss excitation protection operates under many circumstances such as diode failure, rotor winding short circuit, AVR failure, etc.

What is the difference between a relay and a solenoid?

The main difference between Relay and Solenoid is, Relay is a switching device that switches or routs the electrical current or signal whereas the solenoid is an electromagnetic actuating device that pushes or pulls a shaft or any metallic arrangement.

What is alternator protection?

Any internal fault inside the stator winding is cleared by mainly differential protection scheme of the generator or alternator. The differential protection is provided in the generator by using longitudinal differential relay.

Why is DC used for excitation?

Why only D.C is used for Excitation in Alternators? Excitation voltage or current is supplied to the field windings of a rotor to produce a static magnetic field. If we use alternating current instead of direct current; we will get a fluctuating magnetic field.